War and the military have played central roles in shaping modern Chinese history. Worthing demonstrates how these factors have figured decisively in the rise and fall of imperial dynasties, the suppression of internal revolts, the emergence of revolutionary movements, the conduct of China's foreign relations, the development of political parties, the structure of governments, the rise of nationalism and the drive for modernization, all of which have shaped so much of China's modern history. War and the military have played central roles in shaping modern Chinese history. As Worthing demonstrates, the consequences of war and defeat, in both internal and external conflicts, have largely determined the course of history in China, especially in the period since the rise of the Manchu dynasty in the 17th century. Understanding the military history of China is, therefore, essential to an understanding of the Chinese state that is now emerging as a 21st-century military and economic power. Organized chronologically, this book is divided into three sections designed to reveal the manner in which war and the military have influenced the course of Chinese history.
One of the key questions in Civil-Military Relations (CMR) theory is: under what conditions will the military intervene in the domestic politics of the nation? Most scholars agree with the theory of objective civilian control of the military, which focuses on the separation of civil and military institutions, focusing on the US case. By contrast, concordance theory offers both an institutional and cultural framework for explaining domestic military intervention, emphasizing agreement among three partners: the political elites, the military and the citizenry.
Rebecca Schiff examines four indicators of concordance:
If agreement occurs among the three partners with respect to the four indicators, domestic military intervention is less likely to occur. Here this theory is applied to six international historical cases studies: US, post-Second World War period; American Post-Revolutionary Period (1790-1800); Israel (1980-90); Argentina (1945-55); India post-Independence and 1980s; Pakistan (1958-69). Concordance theory offers a better explanation for predicting domestic military intervention than traditional theories and will be a valuable addition to the CMR literature.
The Military and Domestic Politics will be of much interest to advanced students of civil-military relations, military sociology, political science and US politics.
The Military Law Sourcebook is your complete guide to all the acts, codes, and conventions governing U.S. military law, including Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide; Federal Tort Claims Act; Military Claims Act and much, much more. It's part of the ABA Sourcebook Series covering laws from a wide variety of practice areas.
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